THE INTERNET AS AN INFORMATION RESOURCE - OVERVIEW

Primary skills, i.e. ability to read, the need for search strategies and evaluation skills are needed for both electronic and print information.

A. INFORMATION NEEDED

1. Is a book or the Internet the best source of information for the information needed?

2. If the Internet is the best source to use, what search strategies do you need?

B. SEARCH STRATEGIES

1. Someone else has done the work.

2. You've done the work before Favourites /Bookmarks.

3. Directories vs. search engines vs. meta crawlers

4. Boolean logic and other search basics

5. Information finding tips

C. EVALUATING THE INFORMATION

1. Internet Addresses

2. Authority

3. Date

4. Content

5. Purpose of the site

6. Design

7. Evaluation Sites

D. CITING SOURCES

E. PLAGIARISM

F. DEVELOPING WWW RESEARCH LESSONS / INTEGRATING COMPUTERS INTO THE CLASSROOM

1. Teacher-centered

2. Student-centered

 

 

A. INFORMATION NEEDED

1. Is a book or the Internet the best source of information for the information needed? An excellent article on this topic is Jamie McKenzie's March 2000 article When the Net? When the Book?

http://www.fno.org/mar2000/whenbook.html

According to McKenzie the Internet is great for information on current events, math and science, primary sources, museums, divergent views, entertainment and pop culture, consumer information including health information and travel. Books are better for: compression, i.e. years worth of research condensed and synthesized; selectivity, i.e. relevant and reliable information; organization, i.e. table of contents, indexes, clues such as paragraph headings, scholarship, quality e.g. publishers' controls including editing, portability; bibliographies and viewability. Electronic advantages include searching text for terms/combinations of terms not anticipated by the indexer, cross referencing with the site or links to other sites, electronic notetaking especially cut and paste.

ENGLISH EXAMPLE

Shakespeare

1. Quick Facts - Date of a work, birth date, etc. Usually quickest to look up in a reference book, but if one isn't handy the Internet can provide the information. As you use the Internet and bookmark sites that provide you with information that you are likely to frequently use, the time spent to find a quick fact decreases.

2. Critical Works on Shakespeare - Books and Magazines are the best source.

3. Full text - the print version is best, unless you are looking for a specific word, line, phrase, etc.. The searching capabilities of an Internet site is great for finding this type of information.

4. Electronic Advantages - In addition to information about the playwright and his works, a good Shakespeare site can provide visuals of stage, costume, etc. It can allow you to quickly move from information on Shakespeare, to information on the Elizabethan period, Elizabethan drama in general, sites on costumes, production, theatre layout, etc.

 

B. SEARCH STRATEGIES

1. Someone else has done the work.

Sites such as:

Kathy Schrock's

Blue Web'n

Classroom Connect

Bookmark Central

where excellent links have been gathered. As you discover these you are going to want to add them to your favourites.

2. You've done the work before: Favorites /Bookmarks.

When you are in a site and want to add it to your favourites, Select Favorites - Add to Favorites. To organize your Favorites Select Favorites - Organize Favorites and follow instructions to move, create folders, move to a folder, sort.

MOVING FAVOURITES FROM ONE WINDOWS COMPUTER TO ANOTHER

Original Computer

Place floppy disk into drive

Open Internet Explorer

Open Favorites

Right Click Folder or Site you want to copy

Select Send to

Floppy A

Need to repeat for each folder you want to copy

To Copy Onto Another Computer

Place Disk in Floppy A

Open Internet Explorer

Open Favorites - Select Organize Favorites

Create Folder

Rename the folder to what it was called in original computer (or to what you want the folder called on this computer)

Need to repeat for each folder you want to copy

Close

Open Floppy A

Open your folder (The computer will not copy contents of folder into Favourites, only individual files)

Edit - Select All (All files highlight)

Edit - Copy

Open C:\WINDOWS\favorites

Open folder you created earlier

Edit - Paste

Need to repeat for each folder you want to copy

ENGLISH EXAMPLE

Make a folder on your instructional computer

Add the following bookmarks to it

Save the folder

Load urls onto your own computer

Organize according to your needs

Manitoba Association of Teachers of English http://www.mate.mb.ca

Manitoba Education and Training http://www.edu.gov.mb.ca/manet/manet.html

Select Mailing List to subscribe to updates.

University of Manitoba

University of Manitoba - Department of English

Changing your Home Page Default

Go into Internet Explorer

Under Tools Select Internet Options

General Home Page

Put in the address of the site you want the computer to default to each time you open Internet Explorer.

3. Directories vs. search engines vs. meta crawlers

Try various search tools. After awhile you will discover which tools best suit your needs. You will tend to use these first and should take the time to learn all the special features they have to offer. As you become more proficient at searching and/or undertake more complex searches, make sure to learn and take advantage of the expert features. Good overview of major search engines can be found at http://www0.delphi.com/navnet/faq/search.html

DIRECTORIES

Selected web sites. Some human intervention. Grouping by topic.

Yahoo http://www.yahoo.com

Yahoo Canada http://www.ca.yahoo.com

Yahoologans http://www.yahooligans.com

 

SEARCH ENGINES

Searches the web or a large part of it. Search engines consist of a spider or crawler that goes out into the Internet to web pages. It takes the information from the web pages and indexes them, setting up links for you to use when you search.

Good comparison can be found at

http://www0.delphi.com/navnet/faq/searchcomparison.html

Good site for links to search engine tutorials: Search Engine Tutorials

AltaVista Searches over 130 million web pages. In basic search can use + and -. In Expert search supports Boolean (NEAR is 10 words), limiting by date, language, etc., natural language search.

Ask Jeeves Has metacrawler backup. Natural language search. Concept links.

Fast Search: All the web, all the time

Google Default AND Does not support OR search Use - for NOT Ranks number of and importance of links to the site

HotBot Searches less than 100 million pages. Supports Boolean, also &,|,!. * and ? as wild cards. Can refine your first search. Has "More Search Options" forms that allows you to do expert searches without using Boolean.

Northern Light Searches about 150 million web pages. Categorizes documents which helps if you need to refine the search. Can use Boolean, +, -, parentheses, can search by date, double quotes to search for a phrase.

Raging Search Sponsored by AltaVista.

METACRAWLERS

Metatcrawlers search several search engines at one time. Because of this, this search method has fewer special search features.

Metacrawler http://www.metacrawler.com

Inference Find http://www.infind.com

ProFusion http://www.profusion.com

Dogpile http://www.dogpile.com

 

4. Boolean logic and other search basics

Some good sites:

Finding It Online: Web Search Strategies

http://home.sprintmail.com/~debflanagan/main.html

Tutorial: Guide to effective searching on the Internet

http://www.thewebtools.com/tutorial/tutorial.htm

Major problem is too many hits. How to reduce results to most relevant hits.

Basic Boolean

The University of Albany Libraries has a good page on Boolean Searching on the Internet http://www.albany.edu/library/internet/boolean.html

 

AND + (use plus key) searches for pages that have all terms given. LIMITS SEARCH

Default for HotBot, Northern Lights

OR searches for pages that have any of the terms given. EXPANDS SEARCH

In some engines + does OR search rather than AND search

OR is the default for Excite, Yahoo

NOT - (use hyphen key) searches for pages that contain word(s) before LIMITS SEARCH

the word NOT, but eliminates from result list any that contain the term listed after NOT

listed after not.

NEAR words must appear within a certain space. LIMITS SEARCH

Some search engines have a default range, for others you need to provide the range. AltaVista 10 words.

Other common search mechanisms

Search Engine Features for Searchers provides a good overview of specific searching features the major search tools support. http://searchenginewatch.com/facts/ataglance.html

" " to search for the phrase within the quotes

Parentheses (referred to as Nesting) Place around words to be searched in order given. Default search for AltaVista

Wild Cards * for truncation ; ? for a missing letter. Handy for re er endings and o ou spellings. Lycos and Northern Light automatically truncate.

Case sensitive options. Best searching method is to use lower case. Search engines will find the word no matter what case it appears in on the page. If you put in capitals the engine will search for the exact spelling. This can be useful when searching names.

Search assistance features of various search engines:

More Like This Option Some search engines, e.g. Excite, Lycos, Northern Light have this option. From result list select a relevant article then select this option.

Related Searches helps to narrow the search, by suggesting search phrases or other words. When using AltaVista, Excite, HotBot this feature appears on the results page just below the search box. In Yahoo it is at the bottom of the results page.

Results Clustering works around problem of top results coming from one site. AltaVista automatically does this, if you are interested in seeing list of pages from the site, at the end of each listing is link to more pages from this site. Excite allows you to list the results by Web Site rather than relevancy. HotBot allows you to select see results from this site only.

Advanced Searching

Check out the Advanced Search Page help. Some of the engines also have tutorials. From Main Page, the advanced search link is usually by the search box.

AltaVista http://www.altavista.com/cgi-bin/query?pg=aq&what=web

HotBot http://hotbot.lycos.com/?MT=&SM=MC&DV=0&LG=any&DC=10&DE=2&actsuper.x=132&act.super.y=10

Northern Light http://www.northernlight.com/power.html or select Power Search from Main Page.

Yahoo http://search.yahoo.com/search/options

Check out the help page. This will give you information on how the search engine works, what features it uses and how to do an advanced search.

AltaVista http://doc.altavista.com/help/search/search_help.shtml

HotBot http://hotbot.lycos.com/help/

Northern Light http://www.northernlight.com/docs/gen_help_where.html

Yahoo http://howto.yahoo.com/

5. Information finding tips

Do same search on three search engines

In addition to the main concepts make sure to try synonyms, and alternative spellings

If you receive no hits or fewer than expected, check your spelling

Search the page Ctrl F or Edit - Find on this page

Check out the Help screen for tips specific to the search tool you are using

 

C. EVALUATING INTERNET SITES

1. URL (Uniform Resource Locator)

2. Authority

3. Date

4. Content

5. Purpose of the Site

6. Design

 

7. Evaluation Sites some of which include sample checklist forms

D. CITING SOURCES

Formats for citing online sources:

 

F. PLAGIARISM

Concerns of plagiarism are not new. The computer's ability to cut and paste makes it easier to plagiarize. The phrase (in quotation marks) search capability of the Internet makes it easier to find the original text.

1. Avoiding plagiarism:

i. Knowing what plagiarism is.

ii. Good note taking skills.

iii. Importance of citing source of text, graphics, sound and video.

iv. Assigning projects that avoid cut and paste possibilities, i.e. projects that require reorganization of information, comparisons, analysis and conclusions.

2. Articles

i. The e-Plagiarism Plague

Scan down to or Find Plagiarism to see Gail Junion-Metz's September Librarian's Internet column.

This article has links to the definition of plagiarism and sites where papers are available. It also has links to sites that teach you to spot plagiarism and about the tools that can help you prove plagiarism took place. Sites from this article are in the links below.

ii. Plagiarism

Manitoba School Library Journal article arranged by: How does plagiarism happen?; Clues to plagiarism; Strategies; and Web links and resources.

3. Definition of Plagiarism

Learning Skills Centre - How to lessen the chances of plagiarism

Sponsored by the University of Northern British Columbia.

Online Plagiarism

Arranged by: What is plagiarism?; How can I prevent plagiarism?; How can I detect plagiarism?; How can I track down plagiarism?; and a reading list.

Owl Online Writing Lab Information on what plagiarism is and lessons on how to avoid.

Plagiarism Plagiarism: what it is and how to recognize and avoid it.

Plagiarism Questions and Answers Contents: What is plagiarism?; Quoting, summarizing and paraphrasing; Avoiding plagiarism and synthesizing information; How to cite; Links for teachers and more.

Plagiarism Theme Page Part of B.C. Ministry of Education's Community Learning Network Site. Links to definition of plagiarism, preventing, detecting and tracking plagiarism.

4. Where papers are available on the Internet

Cheathouse.com

Cheating 101: Paper Mills and You, Internet Plagiarism Based on a teacher effectiveness seminar. Overview of paper mills, how to combat and detect plagiarism, and how to track down suspicious papers.

Online Plagiarism Arranged by: What is plagiarism?; How can I prevent plagiarism?; How can I detect plagiarism?; How can I track down plagiarism?; and a reading list.

The Paper Store

PaperStock

School Sucks

5. Preventing plagiarism including note taking skills

Cheating 101: Paper Mills and You, Internet Plagiarism Based on a teacher effectiveness seminar. Overview of paper mills, how to combat and detect plagiarism, and how to track down suspicious papers.

Cornell Note Taking System Record, reduce, recite, reflect, review. Emphasis on lecture notes.

Learning Skills Centre - How to lessen the chances of plagiarism Sponsored by the University of Northern British Columbia.

Owl Online Writing Lab -Paraphrasing Includes difference between plagiarizing and paraphrasing.

Owl Online Writing Lab - Plagiarism Information on what plagiarism is and lessons on how to avoid.

Owl Online Writing Lab - Quoting, Paraphrasing and Summarizing

The New Plagiarism: Seven antidotes to prevent highway robbery in an electronic age May 1998 From Now On article by Jamie McKenzie.

Online Plagiarism Arranged by: What is plagiarism?; How can I prevent plagiarism?; How can I detect plagiarism?; How can I track down plagiarism?; and a reading list.

Plagiarism Plagiarism: what it is and how to recognize and avoid it.

Plagiarism Questions and Answers Contents: What is plagiarism?; Quoting, summarizing and paraphrasing; Avoiding plagiarism and synthesizing information; How to cite; Links for teachers and more.

Plagiarism Theme Page Part of B.C. Ministry of Education's Community Learning Network Site. Links to definition of plagiarism, preventing, detecting and tracking plagiarism.

Taking Notes from a Text Book Part of a study skills site maintained by University of St. Thomas, St. Paul, Minnesota.

Taking Notes in Lectures Part of a study skills site maintained by University of St. Thomas, St. Paul, Minnesota.

6. Detecting plagiarized text

Cheating 101: Paper Mills and You, Internet Plagiarism Based on a teacher effectiveness seminar. Overview of paper mills, how to combat and detect plagiarism, and how to track down suspicious papers.

Instructors Guide to Internet Plagiarism What to watch for, what to do if you catch a cheater and more.

Online Plagiarism Arranged by: What is plagiarism?; How can I prevent plagiarism?; How can I detect plagiarism?; How can I track down plagiarism?; and a reading list.

Plagiarism Plagiarism: what it is and how to recognize and avoid it.

 Plagiarism Questions and Answers Contents: What is plagiarism?; Quoting, summarizing and paraphrasing; Avoiding plagiarism and synthesizing information; How to cite; Links for teachers and more.

Plagiarism Theme Page Part of B.C. Ministry of Education's Community Learning Network Site. Links to definition of plagiarism, preventing, detecting and tracking plagiarism.

 

7. Tools to prove plagiarism

Cheating 101: Paper Mills and You, Internet Plagiarism Based on a teacher effectiveness seminar. Overview of paper mills, how to combat and detect plagiarism, and how to track down suspicious papers.

Find Same Search engine that looks for content rather than keywords.

Glatt Plagiarism Services Three programs for sale: Glatt Plagiarism teaching program; Glatt Plagiarism screening program; and Glatt Plagiarism self-detection program.

HowOriginal.com Provides free Internet based plagiarism detection for up to 1K of text.

IntegriGuard Home Page Free and fee based services to detect Internet plagiarism.

Online Plagiarism Arranged by: What is plagiarism?; How can I prevent plagiarism?; How can I detect plagiarism?; How can I track down plagiarism?; and a reading list.

Plagiarism Org Fee based service for checking papers from the Internet.

Plagiarism Theme Page Part of B.C. Ministry of Education's Community Learning Network Site. Links to definition of plagiarism, preventing, detecting and tracking down plagiarism.

 

E. DEVELOPING WWW RESEARCH LESSONS / INTEGRATING COMPUTERS INTO THE CLASSROOM

1. Teacher - Centered

Communication

i) E-Board

http://www.eboard.com

Free site that allows you post notes, pictures. It is password protected.

ii) e- mail

iii) present lesson. Example power point lessons from Purdue University On-Line Writing Lab - Workshops and Presentations http://owl.english.purdue.edu/

iv) Programs such as Ebsco's Reading Room - additional information in the student section.

v)listservs

Lesson Plans

Creating Web Based Lessons http://www.esc20.net/etprojects/

Outline for setting up a WebQuest WebPage. http://ozline.com/templates/webquest.html

http://www.mbnet.mb.ca/~sjlib/elasr.html These lesson plan links and more can be found on this page.

AskERIC Lesson Plans Lesson plans by subject area. Searchable database. Provides grade level information.

Bantam Doubleday Dell Teacher's Resource Center Forum Teacher's guides are indexed by author, title, illustrator, awards, grade and theme. The page for a specific title provides grade level, awards, summary, teaching ideas, classroom activities, thematic connections, interdisciplinary connections, related novels and reviews.

BLUE WEB'N: A Library of Blue Ribbon Learning Sites Arranged by subject area, subdivided by links to tutorials, activities, lesson plans, hotspots, resources, references. Allows keyword searching.

CEC (Columbia Education Center) Lesson Plans Lessons are arranged according to subject and grade level.

Classroom Connect Resource Page Searchable database containing more than a thousand online links to high-quality educational sites as reviewed by the staff of Classroom Connect. The Language Arts section is subdivided by grade level (K-6, 7-12).

CyberGuides From the Language Arts SCORE (Schools of California Online Resources for Educators Project), teacher-developed CyberGuides are "supplementary units of instruction based on core works of literature, designed for students to use the World Wide Web." Each CyberGuide contains a student and teacher edition, objectives, a task, a Web-infused process, and an evaluation rubric. Most guides have students create a product after reviewing Web resources. Template for web based lessons http://www.sdcoe.k12.ca.us/score/templates/fulltchr.html

Doucette Index K-12 Literature Based Teaching Ideas: An index to books and web sites Search by author, title or illustrator. Provides links to books and web sites that have teaching suggestions for specific children's and young adult novels.

EDSITEment - Guides for Home and School Lesson plans that integrate Internet resources into the high school curricula. Sponsored by the National Endowment for the Humanities, the Council of the Great City Schools, MCI Telecommunications Corporation and the National Trust for the Humanities.

Otta Ray's Head - Literature Lessons http://www.cgocable.net/~rayser/index.htm Lesson plans, handouts and ideas.

Social Studies School Services http://www.socialstudies.com/ Excellent source of lesson plans, activities, etc. on historical writings, such as The Crucible, the holocaust, Shakespeare.

Young Adult Literature: Middle & Secondary English Language Arts Includes links to general education add literature sites, genres, authors, book review sources, drama, high interest/low vocabulary, lesson plans, periodical and newspapers, poetry.

Professional Development

i) Manitoba Association of Teachers of English Along with other information, the site includes a link to ELA Websites for Manitoba educators

ii) Tutorials such as those set up to help you learn to effectively use the Internet.

iii) Content of workshops, seminars and lectures. e.g. Workshop Outline and details for Creating Web-Based Lessons http://www.esc20.net/etprojects/training/Default.htm

Course outline for Effectively Integrating the Net into Your Classroom Curriculum-Project Requirements. http://www.4forefront.com/netproj.html

iv)University courses offered long distance via the Internet, e-mail, etc. e.g. Athabasca University http://www.athabascau.ca/ University of Alberta http://www.quasar.ualberta.ca/tl-dl/courses.htm

v) Some periodicals such as IEJJ http://www.acs.ucalgary.ca/~iejll. This site has articles from the International Electronic Journal for Leadership in Education.

vi) Virtual conferences or finding out information about conferences.

vii)Listservs

2. Student - Centered

Assignments on the Web

Examples of

http://member.tripod.com/the-english-room The English Room

http://topcat.bridgew.edu/~kschrock/ML513/condon/mainpage.htm Holocaust Webquest - web assignment based on The Devil's Arithmetic by Jane Yolen

http://204.165.132.2:90/crucible/assign/assign2.htm An example of an assignment for The Crucible posted on the web.

A class produced web page - Harriet Tubman and the Underground Railroad http://www2.lhric.org/pocantico/tubman/tubman.html Interactive web site created by a second grade class at Pocantico Hills School in Sleepy Hollow, New York. The site includes an interactive quiz, timeline, research links, character sketches, curriculum ideas. Although written at the elementary level, some of the ideas can be adapted for higher grades. Blue Web'n Site.

Computer Assisted Learning

The Biography Maker Students will appreciate this site when it's writing time. Online lessons explain what a biography should be and walk writers through questioning, learning, synthesis, and story-telling. Includes links to relevant Internet resources and tips for effective writing.

Citing Internet Resources (from ClassRoom Connect) Shows students how to cite online sources.

NoodleBib: The MLA composer http://www.noodletools.com/noodlebib/index.html Compose and save your bibliography as you go.

Paradigm Online Writing Assistant Developed by Professor Chuck Guilford of Boise State University. This site helps students think about what goes into a written piece. There are sections on discovering what to write, organizing, revising and editing writing. Several types of essays are covered: thesis/support, argumentative, exploratory, and informal. The site can be used by students for online guidance, or by teachers as a resource to guide for their classroom instruction.

Purdue University On-line Writing Lab - Handouts Purdue University's OWL (Online Writing Lab) has posted a comprehensive set of handouts online to support writing and the teaching of writing. Contains information from the basic Sound-Alike Words: Their/There/ They're; It's/ Its, etc.) to the specialized such as Business Letters and Neutral Messages). The handouts online assist in individualizing how you work with your students.

Study Guides and Strategies from Blue Web'n Study Guides includes over 50 pages of summary guides to assist students in succeeding in their studies. Topics include study, classroom and test preparation, organizational strategies, reading and writing assistance. Has links to related sites.

University of Victoria's Writer's Guide on The Essay Provides a short introduction on what essays are and on various types of essays. It also guides the writer through the writing process with a series of brief articles.

The Virtual Presentation Assistant An online tutorial for improving your public speaking skills. Topics include selecting and researching your topic, analyzing your audience, supporting your points, using visual aids, public speaking Web links.

Writing Argumentative Essays Bill Daly, of the Victoria University of Technology (Australia) shows teachers of writing, high school students, and parents trying to help their children how to put together an effective argumentative essay.Includes examples.

Ebsco's Reading Room

For an example see the file Great Gatsby on the floppy for this session. This program allows a teacher to set up a file with links to articles from EbscoHost and links to other web sites. It can also include assignment information, a course outline, what ever is needed by the teacher. A school must subscribe to EbscoHost online before teachers can take advantage of this program.

Homework Help

http://www.mbnet.mb.ca/~sjsdlib/skills.html This link also has links to the following pages:

The A+ Research and Writing Guide A Step by Step approach, an Infosearch guide and links to OWLS or online writing labs.

Researchpaper. Ideas for research topics.

Study Guides and Strategies Students can select hints and strategies for Study Preparation, Studying, Writing Skills, In the Classroom, Reading Skills, and Testing Skills.

The Internet Public Library Youth Division Resources are listed under topic headings such as Music, Museums and Sports & Recreation.

Helping Your Students With Homework: A Guide for Teachers A U.S. Department of Education site.

Helping Your Child With Homework A U.S. Department of Education site.

Using computers to present information

i) Power Point Sample:

http://www.wathena406.k12.ks.us/WHS/Staff/hyatt/powerpoint.htm

ii) School Web Page

http://www.resd.mb.ca/students/stumain.html River East School Division. Student Resources - Authors of Manitoba - Book Reviews written by students.

http://www.mbnet.mb.ca/~nessadm/StWk.html Ness Middle School - Student Web pages.

iii) Word Processing

 

Workshops presented fall 2000

Last Unpdate to Site: January 2001